Tips to secure shelves, art to drywall

 4 types to choose from

By Paul Bianchina
Inman News™

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Life would be really easy for the do-it-yourselfer if solid  wood were behind all the drywall in your house. Then every time you needed to  install a shelf or hang something heavy, you could just drive in a screw and be  done with it.

Alas, that’s not the case, and so instead we have a group of  fasteners that are lumped together under the general heading of “drywall  anchors.” Drywall anchors are designed to be installed into the drywall  where there’s no wood, and give you a solid place to attach whatever it is  you’re looking to hang.

If you’ve looked on the shelf in your local home center or  hardware store, you’ve no doubt noticed there are many different drywall anchors  to choose from. Let’s try to clear up a little bit of the confusion.

Plastic anchors

Plastic anchors are some of the most common of the drywall  anchors, and are the ones you’ll often find included free with the hardware  packet in different home improvement items you buy. Plastic anchors are also  the lightest-duty drywall anchors.

To use the anchor, you first need to drill a pilot hole in  the drywall. It’s important that the hole be the correct diameter for the  anchor being used, because if it’s too large, the anchor will rotate in the  hole and won’t grip correctly, and if it’s too small, it’ll distort as you  drive it into place. The pilot-hole diameter should be listed on the packaging.

After drilling the hole, tap the anchor into place until the  anchor’s shoulder is flat against the wall. Ribs on the outside of the anchor  grip the drywall, and hold the anchor in place.

A screw that’s matched to the  anchor in diameter and length is driven into the anchor to expand it inside the  hole, locking it in place. Once the anchor is locked, the screw can be removed  and reused, and the anchor will remain in place.

Plastic wall anchors are sized according to the length and  diameter of the matching screw, so select one based on how big a screw you need  for what you’re hanging.

Hollow wall anchors

For medium-duty use, there are the hollow wall anchors, also  commonly known as “molly bolts.” Some types require that a pilot hole  be drilled in the drywall first, while others have a pointed end and can be  driven into the drywall with a hammer.

With either type, once the anchor has been inserted or  driven into the wall, the preinstalled screw is tightened. Tightening the screw  pulls the end of the anchor forward, toward the back side of the drywall. As it  does, the metal sides of the anchor distort into a mushroom shape, locking the  anchor against the wall.

Once the anchor is locked, you can remove the screw  from the anchor, insert it through whatever it is you want to hang, then  reinstall the screw into the anchor. Screws can be removed and reinstalled with  this type of anchor.

Hollow wall anchors are sized for the thickness of the  material they’ll be installed in, and the length of the screw. They’re  available for 1/2-inch-thick and 5/8-inch-thick drywall, as well as thinner  materials such as hollow doors.

Drive anchors

Drive anchors are very easy to use, and offer both medium-  and heavy-duty applications in both plastic and metal varieties. Both types are  self-drilling and don’t require a pilot hole — they’re installed by simply  screwing them into the drywall with a screw gun. Both types have wide screw  threads that cut and grip into the drywall. After the anchor itself is  installed in the wall, a screw is driven into it to expand the anchor, locking  it in place. The screw can then be removed and reused.

Drive anchors are typically available in only one screw  diameter, but can be used with different screw lengths.

Toggle bolts

A toggle bolt is a long machine-threaded screw with a pair  of spring-loaded metal wings at the end. First, drill a pilot hole of the  correct diameter. Insert the toggle bolt through the object you wish to attach,  then compress the wings and push them into the hole in the wall.

Push the screw  into the wall until the wings pop open again inside the wall. Pull back on the  screw so the wings are in contact with the back of the wall, and tighten the  screw. Toggle bolts work well for heavier installations, but if you remove the  screw, the toggle wings inside the wall are lost.

Toggle bolts are sized by the diameter and length of the  screw, depending on the thickness of the wall and the thickness of the object  you’re attaching.

Another type of toggle bolt is called the SnapToggle. It  works in a similar fashion, but has a different design that allows the wing to  remain in place if the bolt is removed. SnapToggles are a little more expensive  than conventional toggle bolts, but are faster and easier to install, and are a  better choice if you intend to remove the item being fastened.

Drywall anchors are available at home centers, hardware  stores, lumberyards, and many other retailers. Be sure to follow the  manufacturer’s specific instructions for installation and load ratings.

Remodeling and repair  questions? Email Paul at paulbianchina@inman.com. All product reviews are based on the author’s actual testing of free review samples provided by the manufacturers.

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